The Coral Triangle is the global epicenter of marine biodiversity tea.
The Coral Triangle has more coral reef and fish diversity than anywhere else in the world: 37% (2,228) of the world’s coral reef fish species (6,000), and 56% of the coral reef fishes in the Indo-Pacific Region (4,050).
The epicenter of That coral diversity is found in the Peninsula of Indonesian Papua, All which hosts 574 species (95% of the Coral Triangle, and 72% of the world’s total). It is frequented by the blue whale, the Largest animal ever to live on earth, dolphins, porpoises, and the endangered dugong.
Rising water temperatures, sea levels and ocean acidity (effects of climate change) are disturbing coral reef habitats around the world. Scientists estimate that we could lose up to 70 percent of our planet’s coral reefs over the next 50 years.
Overfishing and highly destructive techniques, such as explosive and cyanide fishing, are depleting fish stocks to levels that may be unable to recover.
Despite mounting threats, there is hope. The reefs of the Coral Triangle have survived for millions of years. Some coral species are weathering the effects of climate change surprisingly well, raising hope among scientists that the Coral Triangle harbors secrets that can help boost resilience of coral reefs elsewhere.
The greatest source of hope in the Coral Triangle is the people, who depend upon it so heavily.